Dr. Dean W. Blinn
MAN AT THE WELL
Around the year 600 A.D., another group of Indians called the Hohokam, (an Indian word meaning "those who have gone") moved in from southern Arizona. Archeologists think that they may have moved in from southern Arizona. Archeologists think that they may have moved north due to the lack of water and overpopulation. These people lived in primitive pithouses around the Well and started to grow their own food. They diverted water from the constantly flowing Well and used it for irrigating their crops of corn, beans, and squash.
Around the year 1125 A.D., another group of Native Americans came from the northern part of Arizona (Walnut Canyon and Wupatki settlements). Scientists think these Sunagua Indians (Spanish for "no water") may have moved down the Verde Valley because of the cold winters, disease, and overpopulation experienced at higher northern elevations. Their impact on the village is reflected by slow replacement of the pithouses with cliff dwellings, differences in pottery, and changes in burials. They did however continue to irrigate crops.
The authors would like to thank Drs. G. Cole, R. Hevly, M.
Sanderson and N. Grossnickle for the many conversations
pertaining to the biology and archaeology of the Well and P.
Boucher, B. Dehdashti and C. Pinney for assistance in the field
and laboratory. Also, we would like to thank J. J. Landye for
providing the aerial photograph of the Well on the cover.
Special thanks are also extended to National Park Service
personnel, especially Tom Ferrell, Jack Beckman and G. Henderson
for their excellent cooperation. We thank Cindy Gould for
typesetting the manuscript and Jim David for his support in the
preparation of this brochure. This study was supported in part
by funds from Organized Research at Northern Arizona University
and The Whitehall Foundation, Inc.